Replacing fire sprinklers or installing new ones can present a challenge. However, the fact is that all fire sprinklers work the same way. Still, different sprinkler heads are better suited to other applications and environments based on their design, so it is essential to choose carefully.
Sprinklers can be pendents, uprights, sidewalls, or concealed. But, first, let's explore what fire sprinklers are and their features in more detail.
How do fire sprinkler heads work?
Fire sprinkler heads are designed to release water when they detect a fire. When a fire starts, heat and flames will activate the sprinkler head. The heat will cause the sprinkler head to melt and release enough water to stop the fire from spreading.
A fire sprinkler head senses when there is a fire on the other side of it. This means it is installed in an area on top of or side of ceilings and walls and can be set up in doorways and hallways. When the detector is activated, it will signal for help by releasing more water into that area. Fire sprinklers can also automatically activate when they sense smoke or extreme heat, which we see during any disaster such as earthquakes or tornadoes.
Are our quick response sprinklers better than standard response sprinklers?
Standard Fire sprinklers are often found in warehouses, factories, and other commercial or industrial buildings because they quickly extinguish a fire. Fire sprinklers' primary role is to wet materials around a fire to lose their fuel source by pre-wetting. As a result, the fire is slowed down, and the fire department can respond more quickly. We will concentrate on its original location to control the fire at its source and suppress its growth.
Quick response fire sprinklers are installed in light-hazard areas (e.g., office buildings, schools). While they provide some of the same fire-control benefits as a standard response sprinkler, their purpose varies slightly. Water from a quick-response sprinkler is discharged higher on the walls to contain the fire and keep it from climbing up. As a result, flashovers are reduced, and fires are slowed within buildings with cooler ceilings. In addition, quick response sprinklers are designed to increase human survivability odds.
What is a pendent sprinkler head?
You will most likely see pendant fire sprinkler heads. A convex, circular deflector plate at the base of the sprinkler heads forms the bottom of the heads.
Sprinkler heads emit a stream of water that falls into deflectors, dispersing it widely in a conical pattern through the room when they activate.
The pendants provide the most coverage of the area since they extend from the ceiling. Various pendant designs are available, and they provide excellent protection for a range of buildings and spaces, from industrial buildings to daycare centers.
What is an upright sprinkler head?
There are two types of upright sprinkler heads. First, those with a circular, concave deflector plate on top (think umbrella) are classified as good sprinkler heads.
Sprinkler heads mounted on pipes just below the ceiling are mounted on lines rather than descend through the roof. As a result, the water shoots out of the tube, hits the deflector, and sends out downward in a dome-shaped pattern when it is activated.
What is a sidewall sprinkler?
It is much easier to reach sprinkler heads out of sidewalls by extending them horizontally, parallel to the floor rather than by descending from the ceiling or mounting them on a pipe pointed upwards. Sprinkler systems that scale on the sidewall of a building are ideal for compact spaces, such as hallways and areas with obstructions. They are also helpful where the ceiling piping cannot get installed.
What is a concealed fire sprinkler?
Unlike recessed sprinkler heads, concealed pendant heads have a decorative cap that blends into the ceiling and makes them appear flush. Fire sprinkler pendants may interfere with the aesthetics of your room, but concealed pendants offer a great solution.